When we cut or injure ourselves, we often take for granted that the wound will heal. It may take a few days or a few weeks, but eventually the skin will repair and, if we’re lucky, we’ll be left with a barely-there scar. The key question is: do you have any idea what goes into the healing process? Well if not, this video from Ted Talks explains exactly how it occurs.
Wound healing has four distinct phases and begins the minute we injure ourselves. The first stage is when blood clotting happens and is called “hemostatis.” Blood clots stem the flow of bleeding and help to keep bacteria out of the wound.
The “inflammation” stage occurs after the blood clot has formed. You can tell when this happens as the skin surrounding the wound will turn red, feel warm to the touch and will be tender. White blood cells are working hard to remove any bacteria and damaged tissue.
Two or three days after this the “proliferation” stage begins where collagen-producing fibroblast cells enter the wound and start to form connective skin tissue and close the wound.
The final stage of “remodeling” can take weeks, months or even years depending on how deep the original injury was. This is where the skin fibers continue to grow, the collagen is rearranged into specific types and skin strength is improved.
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